People who are morbidly obese have a 50 – 100% increased risk of dying prematurely, compared with healthy individuals, and bariatric surgery reduces this risk by up to 40%. The procedure does this by quickly and effectively reducing body fat and can help to prevent, improve or even resolve over forty metabolic conditions related to obesity,
Metabolic syndrome – is the term of health factors that increase the risk of metabolic conditions such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and coronary artery disease.
Bariatric surgery changes the way our body senses food
In general, compared to a person who does not have metabolic syndrome, a person who does have it is at twice the risk of developing heart disease and five times the risk of developing diabetes.
The risk of developing metabolic syndrome is associated with excessive weight, obesity and inadequate levels of physical activity. Insulin resistance, which is associated with being obese, is another risk factor. Insulin resistance is a condition in which the body fails to use insulin effectively, and the blood sugar level rises as a direct result.
The benefits are mainly assumed to result from the bariatric surgery patients achieve, which is usually around a quarter of their overall weight.
Researchers hope to eventually be able to use such research to establish which patients will show the most positive effects in response to treatment. They also hope it will lead to the possibility of metabolism being altered in patients, without them having to undergo surgery.